Soil is the natural medium for plant growth and development. Assessing soil types and their quality are the essential part for the agriculture productivity. Somalia has different soil types ranging from sandy, silt and clay. The clay soils are known to have more nutrients and organic matter that are suitable for agriculture production.
The most important plant nutrients are nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P), and potassium (K). Nitrogen makes the plant greener thus enabling the plant to produce more through the process of photosynthesis. Phosphorus helps the plant establish rigorous root system, which is essential to absorb sufficient moisture required for plant growth. Potassium increases crop yield and improves the quality of the product. Potassium is also required for numerous plant growth processes.
Filsan Soil Lab has recently introduced a soil analysis laboratory that provides the farmers with a quick and tailored soil and crop management recommendations, including organic and inorganic inputs and soil conservation practices.
The soil fertility parameter includes soil pH, biologically active soil organic matter, electrical conductivity (indicative of general fertility as well as soil salinity issues), and extractable macronutrients: nitrate-N, sulfate-S, phosphate-P, and potassium-K.